Analysis of the effect of MnO2 precipitation on the performance of a vanadium/manganese redox flow battery

Hyo June Lee, Sangki Park, Hansung Kim

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12 Citations (Scopus)


To increase the energy density of a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB), the Mn(II)/Mn(III) system was used as a positive reaction and its effect on the performance and cycle life were investigated. The discharge voltage of the V/Mn system increased due to the higher redox potential of Mn(II)/Mn(III), which led to a 47% increase in initial energy density from 21 Wh L−1 to 31 Wh L−1. However, Mn(III) ions in the positive electrolyte are converted to MnO2 upon charging and remain in the precipitate without being reduced upon discharge, thus decreasing the energy density of the V/Mn system up to the 10th cycle. As cycles progressed further, the number of vanadium ions permeating to the positive electrolyte increased, and the particle size of MnO2 decreased. As a result, MnO2 could participate in the reduction reaction without precipitating, resulting in increased energy density. These results show the possibility of using Mn ions for the positive reaction by appropriately controlling the particle size of MnO2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)A952-A956
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Energy Efficiency & Resources of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) grant funded by the Korean government Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) (No. 20152020106550) and the Priority Research Centers Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (2009-0093823).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Electrochemical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrochemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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