An MTJ-based non-volatile flip-flop for high-performance SoC

Youngdon Jung, Jisu Kim, Kyungho Ryu, Jung Pill Kim, Seung H. Kang, Seong Ook Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


The conventional magnetic tunneling junction (MTJ)-based non-volatile D flip-flop (NVDFF) has a slow D-Q delay and a tradeoff between its D-Q delay and its sensing current. In addition, a sufficient write current cannot be obtained with the core device, since two MTJs exist in the write path and a write current degradation problem occurs due to the precharge transistors. The proposed MTJ-based non-volatile semidynamic flip-flop (NVSDFF) has a semidynamic structure that ensures a fast D-Q delay and separates the sensing circuit from the D-Q signal path to reduce the sensing current without affecting the D-Q delay. The proposed NVSDFF also provides a sufficient write current by merely using the core device, since only one MTJ exists in the write path. In addition, the head switch, which is added to remove the write current degradation problem, further reduces the sensing current. Thus, the proposed NVSDFF has a higher read disturbance margin than the previous NVDFF with an IO device. The HSPICE simulation results with the industry-compatible 45-nm model parameter show that the D-Q delay in the proposed NVSDFF is 50.5% of that of the previous NVDFF with an IO device, and the sensing current, 32.3%. In the proposed NVSDFF, the read disturbance margin is 15.9% larger than in the previous NVDFF with an IO device, and the area is 17.8% smaller.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)394-406
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Circuit Theory and Applications
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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