An imputation approach for handling mixed-mode surveys

Seunghwan Park, Jae Kwang Kim, Sangun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Mixed-mode surveys are becoming more popular recently because of their convenience for users, but different mode effects can complicate the comparability of the survey results. Motivated by the Private Education Expenditure Survey (PEES) of Korea, we propose a novel application of fractional imputation to handle mixed-mode survey data. The proposed method is applied to create imputed values of the unobserved counterfactual outcome variables in the mixed-mode surveys. The proposed method is directly applicable when the choice of survey mode is self-selected. Variance estimation using Taylor linearization is developed. Results from a limited simulation study are also presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1063-1085
Number of pages23
JournalAnnals of Applied Statistics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Institute of Mathematical Statistics, 2016.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistics and Probability
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty


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