An improved swarm optimized functional link artificial neural network (ISO-FLANN) for classification

Satchidananda Dehuri, Rahul Roy, Sung Bae Cho, Ashish Ghosh

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116 Citations (Scopus)


Multilayer perceptron (MLP) (trained with back propagation learning algorithm) takes large computational time. The complexity of the network increases as the number of layers and number of nodes in layers increases. Further, it is also very difficult to decide the number of nodes in a layer and the number of layers in the network required for solving a problem a priori. In this paper an improved particle swarm optimization (IPSO) is used to train the functional link artificial neural network (FLANN) for classification and we name it ISO-FLANN. In contrast to MLP, FLANN has less architectural complexity, easier to train, and more insight may be gained in the classification problem. Further, we rely on global classification capabilities of IPSO to explore the entire weight space, which is plagued by a host of local optima. Using the functionally expanded features; FLANN overcomes the non-linear nature of problems. We believe that the combined efforts of FLANN and IPSO (IPSO + FLANN = ISO - FLANN) by harnessing their best attributes can give rise to a robust classifier. An extensive simulation study is presented to show the effectiveness of proposed classifier. Results are compared with MLP, support vector machine(SVM) with radial basis function (RBF) kernel, FLANN with gradiend descent learning and fuzzy swarm net (FSN).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1333-1345
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Systems and Software
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jun

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Satchidananda Dehuri is a Reader and Head in P.G. Department of Information and Communication Technology, Fakir Mohan University, Vyasa Vihar, Balasore, Orissa. He received his M.Sc. degree in Mathematics from Sambalpur University, Orissa in 1998, and the M.Tech. and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Science from Utkal University, Vani Vihar, Orissa in 2001 and 2006, respectively. He completed his Post Doctoral Research in Soft Computing Laboratory, Yonsei University, Seoul, Korea under the BOYSCAST Fellowship Program of DST, Govt. of India. In 2010 he received Young Scientist Award in Engineering and Technology for the year 2008 from Odisha Vigyan Academy, Department of Science and Technology, Govt. of Odisha. He was at the Center for Theoretical Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur as a Visiting Scholar in 2002. During May–June 2006 he was a Visiting Scientist at the Center for Soft Computing Research, Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata. His research interests include Evolutionary Computation, Neural Networks, Pattern Recognition, Data Warehousing and Mining, Object Oriented Programming and its Applications and Bioinformatics. He has already published about 100 research papers in reputed journals and referred conferences, has published three text books for undergraduate and Post graduate students and edited five books, and is acting as an editorial member of various journals. He chaired the sessions of various International Conferences.

Funding Information:
Ashish Ghosh is a Professor of the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, India. He received the B.E. degree in Electronics and Telecommunication from the Jadavpur University, Kolkata, in 1987, and the M.Tech. and Ph.D. degrees in Computer Science from the Indian Statistical Institute, Kolkata, in 1989 and 1993, respectively. He received the prestigious and most coveted Young Scientists award in Engineering Sciences from the Indian National Science Academy in 1995; and in Computer Science from the Indian Science Congress Association in 1992. He has been selected as an Associate of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, in 1997. He visited the Osaka Prefecture University, Japan, with a Post-doctoral fellowship during October 1995 to March 1997, and Hannan University, Japan as a Visiting Faculty during September to October, 1997 and September to October, 2004. He has also visited Hannan University, Japan, as Visiting Professor with a fellowship from Japan Society for Promotion of Sciences (JSPS) during February to April, 2005. During May 1999 he was at the Institute of Automation, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, with CIMPA (France) fellowship. He was at the German National Research Center for Information Technology, Germany, with a German Government (DFG) Fellowship during January to April, 2000, and at Aachen University, Germany in September 2010 with an European Commission Fellowship. During October to December, 2003 he was a Visiting Professor at the University of California, Los Angeles, and during December 2006 to January 2007 he was at the Computer Science Department of Yonsei University, South Korea. His visits to University of Trento and University of Palermo (Italy) during May to June 2004, March to April 2006, May to June 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010 were in connection with collaborative international projects. He also visited various Universities/Academic Institutes and delivered lectures in different countries including Poland and the Netherlands.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Hardware and Architecture


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