An improved low-Reynolds-number κ-ε turbulence model for recirculating flows

H. H. Cho, R. J. Goldstein

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20 Citations (Scopus)


A revised form of the low-Reynolds-number κ-ε turbulence model is presented that aptly describes recirculating (separated and reattached) flows. The revised model is well suited for low to moderate Reynolds numbers. It is applied to two-dimensional channel flows, flow over a backward facing step, and flow over a forward facing step to calculate flow fields and surface heat or mass transfer rates. Results from the present model are in better agreement with experimental data than other low-Reynoldsnumber models. Asymmetric flow through an array of rectangular cylinders, as well as in a two-dimensional symmetric sudden expansion duct, is found numerically and supported by experimental results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1495-1508
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1994 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Acknowledgemenfs-Support for this research came from the Air Force Office of Scientific Research, the Engineering Research Program of the Department of Energy, and the Minnesota Supercomputer Institute.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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