Objectives: As the impact of chronic kidney disease (CKD) severity on different bone types remains unclear, we induced increasing levels of CKD severity in a rat model and investigated hormone and mineral levels as well as alveolar and tibia bone histomorphology. Methods: Rats were divided into sham operation (sham), 4/6 nephrectomy (4/6Nx), 5/6Nx, and 4/6Nx with hyperphosphorous (HP) diet (4/6NxHP). At week 20, BUN, FGF23, PTH, and P were estimated in plasma. Bone parameters were evaluated by microCT, and osteoclasts and osteoid areas were evaluated by TRAP and H&E stains, respectively. Results: The 4/6NxHP and 5/6Nx groups had elevated PTH, and the 4/6NxHP group alone had elevated P. Compared to the 4/6Nx group, the 4/6NxHP group demonstrated increased FGF23 and P. In the alveolar bone, the 4/6NxHP group had reduced bone volume and BMD compared to the sham and 4/6Nx groups. In the tibia cortical bone, bone surface density was higher in the 4/6NxHP group compared to the sham group. Tibia cortical bone volume was negatively correlated with FGF23 and P. Moreover, alveolar bone volume was negatively correlated with FGF23, PTH, and P. Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that hormone and mineral levels vary with CKD severity, and alveolar bone loss strongly correlates with these hormone and mineral alterations.
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