Algebraic approach to a quarkyoniclike configuration and stable diquarks in dense matter

Aaron Park, Su Houng Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We study the color-spin interaction energy of a quark, a diquark and a baryon with their surrounding baryons and/or quark matter. This is accomplished by classifying all possible flavor and spin states of the resulting multiquark configuration in both the flavor SU(2) and SU(3) symmetric cases. We find that while the baryon has the lowest interaction energy when there is only a single surrounding baryon, the quark has the lowest interaction energy when the surrounding has more than three baryons or becomes a quark gas. As the short range nucleon-nucleon interactions are dominated by the color-spin interactions, our finding suggests that the baryon modes near other baryons are suppressed due to larger repulsive energy compared to that of a quark and thus provides a quark model basis for the quarkyoniclike phase in dense matter. At the same time, when the internal interactions are taken into account, and the matter density is high so that the color-spin interaction becomes the dominant interaction, the diquark becomes the lowest energy configuration and will thus appear in both the dense baryonic and/or quark matter.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114034
JournalPhysical Review D
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 1

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 American Physical Society.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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