Age-Dependent Relationship of Hypertension Subtypes With Incident Heart Failure

Yuta Suzuki, Hidehiro Kaneko, Yuichiro Yano, Akira Okada, Hidetaka Itoh, Satoshi Matsuoka, Katsuhito Fujiu, Satoko Yamaguchi, Nobuaki Michihata, Taisuke Jo, Norifumi Takeda, Hiroyuki Morita, Koichi Node, Hyeon Chang Kim, Anthony J. Viera, Suzanne Oparil, Hideo Yasunaga, Issei Komuro

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5 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: The prevalence of hypertension subtypes changes with age. However, little is known regarding the age-dependent association of hypertension subtypes with incident heart failure (HF). METHODS AND RESULTS: We conducted an observational cohort study including 2 612 570 people (mean age, 44.0 years; 55.0% men). No participants were taking blood pressure– lowering medications or had a known history of cardiovascular disease. Participants were categorized as aged 20 to 49 years (n=1 825 756), 50 to 59 years (n=571 574), or 60 to 75 years (n=215 240). We defined stage 1 hypertension as systolic blood pressure (SBP) 130 to 139 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 80 to 89 mm Hg and stage 2 hypertension as SBP ≥140 mm Hg or DBP ≥90 mm Hg. Among participants with stage 2 hyperten-sion, isolated diastolic hypertension was defined as SBP <140 mm Hg and DBP ≥90 mm Hg, isolated systolic hypertension as SBP ≥140 mm Hg and DBP <90 mm Hg, and systolic diastolic hypertension as SBP ≥140 mm Hg and DBP ≥90 mm Hg. During a mean follow-up of 1205±934 days, 43 415 HF, 4807 myocardial infarction, 45 365 angina pectoris, 22 179 stroke, and 10 420 atrial fibrillation events occurred. Although the incidence of HF and other cardiovascular disease events increased with age, hazard ratios and relative risk reductions of each hypertension subtype for HF decreased with age. An age-dependent relationship between hypertension subtypes and incident HF was similarly observed in both men and women. CONCLUSIONS: The contribution of isolated diastolic hypertension, isolated systolic hypertension, and systolic diastolic hypertension to the development of HF and other cardiovascular disease events was attenuated with age, suggesting that preventive efforts for blood pressure control could provide a greater benefit in younger individuals.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere025406
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 May 3

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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