Activity gradient carbon felt electrodes for vanadium redox flow batteries

Youngkwon Kim, Yun Young Choi, Nari Yun, Mingyu Yang, Yonghee Jeon, Ki Jae Kim, Jung Il Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


An activity gradient carbon felt (AGCF) electrode is prepared by a simple thermal oxidation method, which is composed of both a low activity electrode near the inlet side and a high activity electrode near the outlet side. The vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) full cell with AGCF electrodes shows higher discharge capacity (18.7 Ah L−1) and coulomb efficiency (93.6%) than non-gradient carbon felt electrodes (14.3 Ah L−1, 88.4%) at a current density of 80 mA cm−2. From the computational analysis, the AGCF electrodes exhibit reduced overpotential results as well as improved uniform activity at low reactant concentration condition during charging and discharging at the current density. These results suggest that the AGCF electrode is an effective electrode design for high-performance VRFB featuring high energy density by improving electrolyte utilization as well as high roundtrip efficiency by improving energy efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128-135
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 31

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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