Accuracy of 3-dimensional printed bracket transfer tray using an in-office indirect bonding system

Seong Hun Yoo, Sung Hwan Choi, Kwang Mahn Kim, Kee Joon Lee, Young Jun Kim, Jae Hun Yu, Yeong Il Choi, Jung Yul Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Introduction: In this study, we aimed to evaluate and compare the bracket positioning accuracy of the indirect bonding (IDB) transfer tray fabricated in-clinic using the tray printing (TP) and marker-model printing methods (MP). Methods: The TP group was further divided into 2 groups (single-tray printing [STP] and multiple-tray printing [MTP]) depending on the presence of a tray split created using the 3-dimensional (3D) software. Five duplicated plaster models were used for each of the 3 experimental groups, and a total of 180 artificial teeth, except the second molar, were evaluated in the experiment. The dental model was scanned using a model scanner (E3; 3Shape Dental Systems, Copenhagen, Denmark). Virtual brackets were placed on facial axis points, and the IDB trays were designed and fabricated using a 3D printer (VIDA; EnvisionTEC, Mich). The accuracy of bracket positioning was evaluated by comparing the planned bracket positions and the actual bracket positions using 3D analysis on inspection software. The main effects and first-order interaction effects were analyzed together by analysis for the analysis of variance. Results: The mean distance and height errors were significantly lower in the STP group than those in the MP and MTP groups (P <0.05). The mean distance error was 0.06 mm in the STP group and 0.09 mm in the MP and MTP groups. The mean height error was 0.10 mm in the STP group and 0.15 mm and 0.18 mm in MP and MTP groups, respectively. However, no significant differences were observed in the angular errors among the 3 groups. Conclusions: The in-office-fabricated IDB system with computer-aided design and 3D printer is clinically applicable after considering the linear and angular errors. We recommend IDB trays fabricated using the STP method owing to the lower frequency of bracket positioning errors and ease of fabrication.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-102.e1
JournalAmerican Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the Advanced Technology Center (ATC) Program funded by the Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy (MOTIE, Korea), 10077361, Integrated System for Dental Diagnosis, Treatment Simulation & PSI (Patient Specific Instrument) Design.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Orthodontics


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