A time-dominated TCP congestion control over heterogeneous networks

Jongmin Lee, Hojung Cha, Rhan Ha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The traditional transmission control protocol (TCP) suffers from performance problems such as throughput bias against flows with longer packet roundtrip time (RTT), which leads to burst traffic flows producing high packet loss, long delays, and high delay jitter. This paper proposes a TCP congestion control mechanism, TD-TCP, that the sender increases the congestion window according to time rather than receipt of acknowledgement. Since this mechanism spaces out data sent into the network, data are not sent in bursts. In addition, the proposed mechanism reduces throughput bias because all flows increase the congestion window at the same rate regardless of their packet RTT. The implementation of the mechanism affects only the protocol stack at the sender; hence, neither the receiver nor the routers need modifications. The mechanism has been implemented in the Linux platform and tested in conjunction with various TCP variants in real environments. The experimental result shows that the proposed mechanism improves transmission performance, especially in networks with congestion and/or high packet loss rates. Experiments in real commercial wireless networks have also been conducted to support the proposed mechanism's practical use.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1325-1345
Number of pages21
JournalInternational Journal of Communication Systems
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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