A Therapeutic Nanovaccine that Generates Anti-Amyloid Antibodies and Amyloid-specific Regulatory T Cells for Alzheimer's Disease

Mungyo Jung, Songmin Lee, Sohui Park, Jihye Hong, Cheesue Kim, Illhwan Cho, Hee Su Sohn, Kyunghwan Kim, In Wook Park, Soljee Yoon, Sungpil Kwon, Jisu Shin, Donghee Lee, Mikyung Kang, Seokhyung Go, Sangjun Moon, Yeonseok Chung, Young Soo Kim, Byung Soo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common cause of dementia, is a complex condition characterized by multiple pathophysiological mechanisms including amyloid-β (Aβ) plaque accumulation and neuroinflammation in the brain. The current immunotherapy approaches, such as anti-Aβ monoclonal antibody (mAb) therapy, Aβ vaccines, and adoptive regulatory T (Treg) cell transfer, target a single pathophysiological mechanism, which may lead to unsatisfactory therapeutic efficacy. Furthermore, Aβ vaccines often induce T helper 1 (Th1) cell-mediated inflammatory responses. Here, a nanovaccine composed of lipid nanoparticles loaded with Aβ peptides and rapamycin is developed, which targets multiple pathophysiological mechanisms, exhibits the combined effects of anti-Aβ antibody therapy and adoptive Aβ-specific Treg cell transfer, and can overcome the limitations of current immunotherapy approaches for AD. The Nanovaccine effectively delivers rapamycin and Aβ peptides to dendritic cells, produces both anti-Aβ antibodies and Aβ-specific Treg cells, removes Aβ plaques in the brain, alleviates neuroinflammation, prevents Th1 cell-mediated excessive immune responses, and inhibits cognitive impairment in mice. The nanovaccine shows higher efficacy in cognitive recovery than an Aβ vaccine. Unlike anti-Aβ mAb therapy and adoptive Treg cell transfer, both of which require complicated and costly manufacturing processes, the nanovaccine is easy-to-prepare and cost-effective. The nanovaccines can represent a novel treatment option for AD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2207719
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023 Jan 19

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Wiley-VCH GmbH.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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