A supply chain model with service level constraints and strategies under uncertainty

Shaktipada Bhuniya, Sarla Pareek, Biswajit Sarkar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


In the current socio-economic situation, the daily demand for essential goods in the business sector is always changing owing to various unavoidable reasons. As a result, choosing the right method for profitable business has become quite tricky. This study introduces different business strategies based on constant and fuzzy demands. There are two types of constraints considered in this model to avoid the backorder cost. However, combining the service-level constraints with the constant and fuzzy demand, this study compares the total costs, and finally, the best strategy is established. Moreover, investing a small amount, this model improves the quality of the products and reduces the vendor's setup cost. Depending on the number of transported products, this model follows the transportation discount policy for hassle-free delivery of the products with a minimum delivery rate. The Kuhn-Tucker optimization technique is employed, and global optimality is verified numerically, analytically using the Hessian matrix. This model's robustness is discussed through a comparative study, numerical examples, sensitivity analysis, graphical representation, and managerial insights. Finally, some concluding remarks along with future extensions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6035-6052
Number of pages18
JournalAlexandria Engineering Journal
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Engineering


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