Background: Complicated skin and skin structure infections (cSSSIs) frequently result in hospitalization with significant morbidity and mortality.Methods: In this phase 3b/4 parallel, randomized, open-label, comparative study, 531 subjects with cSSSI received tigecycline (100 mg initial dose, then 50 mg intravenously every 12 hrs) or ampicillin-sulbactam 1.5-3 g IV every 6 hrs or amoxicillin-clavulanate 1.2 g IV every 6-8 hrs. Vancomycin could be added at the discretion of the investigator to the comparator arm if methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) was confirmed or suspected within 72 hrs of enrollment. The primary endpoint was clinical response in the clinically evaluable (CE) population at the test-of-cure (TOC) visit. Microbiologic response and safety were also assessed. The modified intent-to-treat (mITT) population comprised 531 subjects (tigecycline, n = 268; comparator, n = 263) and 405 were clinically evaluable (tigecycline, n = 209; comparator, n = 196).Results: In the CE population, 162/209 (77.5%) tigecycline-treated subjects and 152/196 (77.6%) comparator-treated subjects were clinically cured (difference 0.0; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -8.7, 8.6). The eradication rates at the subject level for the microbiologically evaluable (ME) population were 79.2% in the tigecycline treatment group and 76.8% in the comparator treatment group (difference 2.4; 95% CI: -9.6, 14.4) at the TOC assessment. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea rates were higher in the tigecycline group.Conclusions: Tigecycline was generally safe and effective in the treatment of cSSSIs.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00368537.
|Journal||BMC Infectious Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 Nov 12|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was sponsored by Wyeth Research, which was acquired by Pfizer Inc in October 2009. These results were presented in part at the 20th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Vienna, Austria, 2010. D. Rill, P. McGovern, and E. Zito are employees of Pfizer Inc, USA. T. Babinchak and D. Gardiner are former employees of Pfizer Inc and Wyeth Research.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases