Background: In phase I studies, poziotinib has shown meaningful efficacy against various types of cancers. This phase 2 study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of poziotinib in recurrent and/or metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (R/M-HNSCC). Methods: Overall, 49 patients were enrolled (median age, 62 years; age range, 21–78 years). Patients received a median of two prior treatments including chemotherapy and others and received 12 mg poziotinib orally once daily as part of a 28-day cycle. The primary endpoint was objective response rate (ORR), and the secondary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Targeted capture sequencing was performed using available tissues to identify translational biomarkers related to clinical response. Results: ORR was 22.4%, median PFS was 4.0 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.8–6.2 months), and median OS was 7.6 months (95% CI, 4.4–10.8 months). The most common treatment-related adverse events were acneiform rash (85%) and mucositis (77%). A grade 3 or higher adverse event was acneiform rash (3%). Targeted capture sequencing was performed in 30 tissue samples. TP53 and PIK3CA were the most frequently mutated genes (43%), followed by CCND1 (33%) and EGFR (30%). Mutations in ERBB2, ERBB3, and ERBB4, which are HER family genes, were observed in 17%, 13%, and 10% samples, respectively. There was no difference in the frequency of somatic mutations in the HER family genes between the clinically benefitted and non-benefitted groups. Conclusion: Compared to other pan-HER inhibitors, poziotinib showed clinically meaningful efficacy in heavily treated R/M-HNSCC. Clinical trial registration number.: NCT02216916.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Cancer Medicine published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cancer Research