A phase II study of capecitabine combined with gemcitabine in patients with advanced gallbladder carcinoma

Jae Yong Cho, Ji Sun Nam, Mi Suk Park, Jeong Sik Yu, Yong Han Paik, Se Joon Lee, Dong Ki Lee, Dong Sup Yoon

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20 Citations (Scopus)


Capecitabine and gemcitabine are used in the treatment of a variety of solid tumors including pancreatic and biliary tract carcinomas. The authors evaluated survival, response, and toxicity associated with using a combination of capecitabine and gemcitabine to treat patients with unresectable or metastatic gallbladder adenocarcinoma (GBC). Eligible patients had histologically- or cytologically-confirmed GBC, no prior systemic therapy with capecitabine or gemcitabine, Karnofsky Performance Status 70%, serum total bilirubin up to three times normal, and measurable disease. Treatment consisted of gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 IV on Days 1 and 8 concurrent with administration of capecitabine 1000 mg/m2 PO BID on Days 1 through 14, on a 3-week cycle. Tumor response was assessed by the response evaluation criteria in solid tumors (RECIST criteria) and survival was calculated from initiation of CapGem therapy. A total of 24 patients were enrolled. Median age at the time of diagnosis was 62 years (range, 41-78 years). Fourteen patients had undergone prior surgery. Results showed that eight patients achieved partial response (33%) with an additional 10 patients achieving stable disease (42%). The overall median time to disease progression was 6.0 months (95% CI, 3.8-8.1 months) and overall survival was 16 months (95% CI, 13.8-18.3 months). The one-year survival rate was 58%. No Grade 4 toxicity was seen. Transient Grade 3 neutropenia/thrombocytopenia and manageable nausea, hand-foot syndrome and anorexia were the most common toxicities. Our study shows that CapGem is an active and well-tolerated chemotherapy regimen in patients with advanced GBC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-531
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei medical journal
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Aug 31

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)


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