BackgroundaaPantothenate-kinase-associated neurodegeneration (PKAN) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder that is characterized by progressive extrapyramidal signs, visual loss, and cognitive impairment. PKAN is caused by mutations in the pantothenate kinase gene (PANK2), which is located on chromosome 20p13 and encodes pantothenate kinase, the key regulatory enzyme in coenzyme-A biosynthesis. Case ReportaaIn this report we describe a case of atypical PKAN with a novel PANK2 mutation, presenting with a 10-year history of postural tremor involving both hands. Upon neurological examination, the patient's face was masked and he spoke in a monotonous voice. The patient presented with mild bradykinesia and rigidity that involved all of the extremities. Horizontal saccadic eye movements were slow and fragmented. Brain MRI revealed a typical "eyeof-the-tiger" sign. A mutation analysis revealed three PANK2 mutations: two in exon 3 (Asp 378Gly and Leu385CysfsX13) and one in exon 4 (Arg440Pro). ConclusionsaaParkinsonism is not an unusual presenting symptom in patients with atypical PKAN, and so it is important for physicians to consider PKAN in the differential diagnosis of patients presenting with young-onset parkinsonism.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Clinical Neurology