A natural small molecule voacangine inhibits angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo

Yonghyo Kim, Hye Jin Jung, Ho Jeong Kwon

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24 Citations (Scopus)


Angiogenesis, the formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing ones, plays a critical role in normal and pathological phenotypes, including solid tumor growth and metastasis. Accordingly, the development of new anti-angiogenic agents is considered an efficient strategy for the treatment of cancer and other human diseases linked with angiogenesis. We have identified voacangine, isolated from Voacanga africana, as a novel anti-angiogenic agent. Voacangine inhibits the proliferation of HUVECs at an IC 50 of 18μM with no cytotoxic effects. Voacangine significantly suppressed in vitro angiogenesis, such as VEGF-induced tube formation and chemoinvasion. Moreover, the compound inhibits in vivo angiogenesis in the chorioallantoic membrane at non-toxic doses. In addition, voacangine decreased the expression levels of hypoxia inducible factor-1α and its target gene, VEGF, in a dose-dependent manner. Taken together, these results suggest that the naturally occurring compound, voacangine, is a novel anti-angiogenic compound.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-334
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 6

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was partly supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Korean Government (MEST; 2009-0092964, 2010-0017984, F01-2009-000-10183-0), the Translational Research Center for Protein Function Control, KRF (2009-0083522), the Center for Food and Drug Materials of Agriculture Science & Technology Development (2011-8-1178), Rural Development Administration, National R&D Program, Ministry of Health & Welfare, and the Brain Korea 21 Project, Republic of Korea.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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