A multiple layer fusion approach on keystroke dynamics

Pin Shen Teh, Andrew Beng Jin Teoh, Connie Tee, Thian Song Ong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we present a novel keystroke dynamic recognition system by means of a novel two-layer fusion approach. First, we extract four types of keystroke latency as the feature from our dataset. The keystroke latency will be transformed into similarity scores via Gaussian Probability Density Function (GPD). We also propose a new technique, known as Direction Similarity Measure (DSM), which measures the absolute difference between two sets of latency. Last, four fusion approaches coupled with six fusion rules are applied to improve the final result by combining the scores that are produced by GPD and DSM. Best result with equal error rate of 1.401% is obtained with our two-layer fusion approach.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-36
Number of pages14
JournalPattern Analysis and Applications
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Feb

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through the Biometrics Engineering Research Center (BERC) at Yonsei University. (Grant Number: R112002105080020 (2009)).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Artificial Intelligence


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