A model-driven approach for describing semantic Web services: From UML to OWL-S

Il Woong Kim, Kyong Ho Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


With the wide spread of Web services, there is a growing interest in semantic Web services based on ontologies, which support the automated discovery, selection, and composition of Web services. OWL-S is a de facto standard ontology for describing the semantics of Web services. Due to the complexity of the OWL-S grammar, it is difficult to construct OWL-S descriptions manually. This paper presents an efficient model-driven approach to generate OWL-S ontologies from Unified Modeling Language (UML) models, which are widely used for software design and development. The proposed method is based on UML profiles to represent the characteristics of OWL-S. Specifically, a domain ontology is transformed into a class diagram, and UML diagrams are extended to represent the behavior of business processes. Finally, an XML Metadata Interchange (XMI) file extracted from UML diagrams is transformed into an OWL-S representation via an Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformation (XSLT) script. Experimental results with a large number of UML diagrams show that the proposed method handles effectively the control flow of complex processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)637-646
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics Part C: Applications and Reviews
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Nov

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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