A high performance PZT ribbon-based nanogenerator using graphene transparent electrodes

Junggou Kwon, Wanchul Seung, Bhupendra K. Sharma, Sang Woo Kim, Jong Hyun Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

152 Citations (Scopus)


We report a simple and effective approach for high performance PbZr 0.52Ti0.48O3 (PZT) based flexible and semi-transparent NGs that exploit the electrical, mechanical and transparent properties of graphene. PZT NGs are successfully demonstrated for continuous driving of a liquid crystal display screen and a light emitting diode. A good quality PZT film was deposited on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si wafer by the sol-gel method, exhibiting a typical hysteresis loop in the low voltage region. A graphene film was used in the interdigitated electrode form to improve the PZT/graphene interface under mechanical stress. Further improvement in NGs performance was realized by p-type doping in graphene, resulting in an increase in current density. NGs showed a high output voltage ∼2 V, current density ∼2.2 μA cm-2 and power density ∼88 mW cm-3 at an applying force of 0.9 kgf. This can efficiently run commercially available electronic components in a self-powered mode, without any external electrical supply.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8970-8975
Number of pages6
JournalEnergy and Environmental Science
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Pollution


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