A fully automatic multiparametric radiomics model for differentiation of adult pilocytic astrocytomas from high-grade gliomas

Yae Won Park, Jihwan Eom, Dain Kim, Sung Soo Ahn, Eui Hyun Kim, Seok Gu Kang, Jong Hee Chang, Se Hoon Kim, Seung Koo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To develop a fully automatic radiomics model to differentiate adult pilocytic astrocytomas (PA) from high-grade gliomas (HGGs). Methods: This retrospective study included 302 adult patients with PA (n = 62) or HGG (n = 240). The patients were randomly divided into training (n = 211) and test (n = 91) sets. Clinical data were obtained, and radiomic features (n = 372) were extracted from multiparametric MRI with automatic tumour segmentation. After feature selection with F-score, a Light Gradient Boosting Machine classifier with subsampling was trained to develop three models: (1) clinical model, (2) radiomics model, and (3) combined clinical and radiomics model. Human performance was also assessed. The performance of the classifier was validated in the test set. SHapley Additive exPlanations (SHAP) was applied to explore the interpretability of the model. Results: A total of 15 radiomic features were selected. In the test set, the combined clinical and radiomics model (area under the curve [AUC], 0.93) showed a significantly higher performance than the clinical model (AUC, 0.79, p = 0.037) and had a similar performance to the radiomics model (AUC, 0.92, p = 0.828). The combined clinical and radiomics model also showed a significantly higher performance than humans (AUC, 0.76–0.81, p < 0.05). The model explanation by SHAP suggested that lower intratumoural heterogeneity from T2-weighted images was highly associated with PA diagnosis. Conclusions: The fully automatic combined clinical and radiomics model may be helpful for differentiating adult PAs from HGGs. Key Points: • Differentiating adult PAs from HGGs is challenging because PAs may manifest a large spectrum of imaging presentations, often including aggressive imaging features. • The fully automatic combined clinical and radiomics model showed a significantly higher performance than the clinical model or humans. • The model explanation by SHAP suggested that second-order features from T2-weighted imaging were important in diagnosis and might reflect the underlying pathophysiology that PAs have lesser tissue heterogeneity than HGGs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4500-4509
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to European Society of Radiology.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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