A dynamic analysis of licensing: The "boomerang" effect and grant-back clauses

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27 Citations (Scopus)


This article develops an incomplete contract model of the licensing relationship to analyze the dynamic effects of licensing on R & D competition in the innovation market and to examine the rationale for often observed "grant-back" clauses. Of particular concern are how the consideration of future competition distorts the licensing relationship and how the grant-back clause can mitigate this distortion. I also evaluate the validity of the casual antitrust argument that grant-back clauses may adversely affect competition because they reduce the licensee's incentive to engage in R & D and thereby limit rivalry in innovation markets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)803-829
Number of pages27
JournalInternational Economic Review
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Aug

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Economics and Econometrics


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