A comparison on the heat load of HTS current leads with respect to uniform and non-uniform cross-sectional areas

Seunghak Han, Seokho Nam, Jeyull Lee, Seunghyun Song, Haeryong Jeon, Geonwoo Baek, Hyoungku Kang, Tae Kuk Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Current lead is a device that connects the power supply and superconducting magnets. High temperature superconductor (HTS) has lower thermal conductivity and higher current density than normal metal. For these reasons, the heat load can be reduced by replacing the normal metal of the current lead with the HTS. Conventional HTS current lead has same cross-sectional area in the axial direction. However, this is over-designed at the cold-end (4.2 K) in terms of current. The heat load can be reduced by reducing this part because the heat load is proportional to the cross-sectional area. Therefore, in this paper, heat load was calculated from the heat diffusion equation of HTS current leads with uniform and non-uniform cross-sectional areas. The cross-sectional area of the warm-end (65K) is designed considering burnout time when cooling system failure occurs. In cold-end, Joule heat and heat load due to current conduction occurs at the same time, so the cross-sectional area where the sum of the two heat is minimum is obtained. As a result of simulation, current leads for KSTAR TF coils with uniform and non-uniform cross-sectional areas were designed, and it was confirmed that the non-uniform cross-sectional areas could further reduce the heat load.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-48
Number of pages5
JournalProgress in Superconductivity and Cryogenics (PSAC)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported in part by National R&D Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, and by “Human Resources Program in Energy Technology” of Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP), granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea. (Nos. NRF-2015M1A7A1A02050725 and 20164030201100)

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017, Korea Institute of Applied Superconductivity and Cryogenics. All rights reserved.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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