This paper describes the design of a 10 GHz phase-locked loop (PLL) for a 40 Gb/s serial link transmitter (TX). A two-stage ring oscillator is used to provide a four-phase, 10 GHz clock for a quarter-rate TX. Several analyses and verification techniques, ranging from the clocking architectures for a 40 Gb/s TX to oscillation failures in a two-stage ring oscillator, are addressed in this paper. A tri-state-inverter-based frequency-divider and an AC-coupled clock-buffer are used for high-speed operations with minimal power and area overheads. The proposed 10 GHz PLL fabricated in the 65 nm CMOS technology occupies an active area of 0.009 mm2 with an integrated-RMS-jitter of 414 fs from 10 kHz to 100 MHz while consuming 7.6 mW from a 1.2-V supply. The resulting figure-of-merit is -238.8 dB, which surpasses that of the state-of-the-art ring-PLLs by 4 dB.
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© 1966-2012 IEEE.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering