A fully integrated quadrature VCO at 8 GHz is presented. The VCO is implemented using a transformer-based LC tank in 0.18 μm CMOS technology, in which two VCOs are coupled to generate I-Q signals. The VCO is realized employing the drain-gate transformer feedback configuration proposed here. This makes use of the quality factor enhancement in the resonator using a transformer and the deep switching-off technique by controlling gate bias. By turning off switching transistors of the differential VCO core deeply, the phase noise performance is improved more than 10 dB. The measured phase noise values are -110 and -117 dBc/HZ at the offset frequencies of 600 kHz and 1 MHz respectively. The tuning range of 250 MHz is achieved with the control voltage from 0 to 1 V. The VCO draws 8 mA in two differential core circuits from 3 V supply. When the bias voltage goes down to 2.5 V, the phase noise decrease only 2 dB compared to that of 3 V bias. The VCO performances are compared with previously reported quadrature Si VCOs in 5 ∼ 12 GHz frequency range.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Manuscript received November 27, 2002; revised February 26, 2003. This work was supported by KOSEF under the ERC program through the MINT Research Center at Dongguk University. The review of this letter was arranged by Associate Editor Dr. Arvind Sharma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering